Browse 1901-1911 Census Images

I’ve updated the Census Image browse tool using some elements of the code used for the recent BMD image tool. To use – navigate to a starting page on the Census Returns using the usual search or browse, and select one of the image links – e.g.  a Household Return Form A, Enumerator’s Abstract Form N, Building return form B1,  Outbuildings B2 or for the 1911 returns the additional reverse of the household form.

Copy the full URL (*) of the image and paste into the ‘Enter URL’ text box on the Census Browse tool, and click the ‘submit button.

The Next and Previous buttons move one page forward or backward through the census  images. Also available are +-5, +-10 and +-50 links which skip backward or forward in larger steps.

To start a new search, click the [reset] link to the top right.

The full image URL should have the same format and structure as one of the following :

See John Grenham’s blog post from March this year for details on using this technique to try to locate unlinked images – The strange afterlife of the census microfilms

See also the BMD Image Browse Tool and the new Tithe Applotment Image Browse (links added  Jan. 2018).

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Census Placename Errors

There are a number of errors relating to place-names on the 1901/1911 Census returns of Ireland, examples of the various types discovered during analysis are listed below. These should be kept in mind when searching the census by place-name. In addition it should be noted that some locations were not covered by the original microfilms and so not included in the online census returns. Further analysis is required on rural townland names, where some spelling variation is to be expected.

In 1911 Aghowle DED, Co. Wicklow is listed as ‘Aghawlw

Mis-transcriptions/Typos/Spelling mistakes :

Yerschoyle Place
Verschoyle PlaceMerchants QuayDublin 1901
Owenstown (aka Trimlestown)Dundrum Dublin 1901
Bundouglas Cleggen Galway 1901
Adelaid Street Adelaide StreetSligo West Urban Sligo 1901

A number of locations have stray zeros :

Mun0ly MunnillyClones_Rural Monaghan1901
Aghinillard Drumcarrow Monaghan 1901
Annagh or Druma0ra
Annagh or Drumanilra Kilbryan Roscommon 1901
Druma0ra or Mt. Eagle
Drumanilra or Mt. EagleTumna_North Roscommon 1901
BunnanilraCastleconor West Sligo 1901
Bally0ard (P.O.)
Ballyard (P.O.)
Ballyard (P.O.)
Tipperary West Urban
Tipperary 1901
Knockiniller Douglasburn Tyrone 1901
Chapel Lane (St.) (Mun0ly) Chapel Lane (St.) (Munnilly)Cootehill_Town Cavan 1911
Maxwell's Lane (Mun0ly
Maxwell's Lane (Munnilly) Cootehill_Town Cavan 1911

In addition a number of townlands have been listed with stray hyphens or spaces which can cause a problem when searching

Placename DED, County, Year
MinisterslandArdagh, Limerick, 1901
PriesttownMullary, Louth, 1901
CrossscalesTomhaggard, Wexford, 1901
Aberna Dorney AbbernadoornyDonegal, Donegal, 1901
Ballagh-moreBallaghmoreStranocum, Antrim, 1901


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Description of the town of Bray – 1822

From ‘Guide to the County of Wicklow’ by Rev. G.N. Wright
Published by Baldwin, Cradock and Joy, Paternoster Row (London) 1822


The town of Bray is situated upon a river of same 
name, the boundary of the county Wicklow, ten miles from Dublin, and within less than a quarter of a mile of the sea; part stands on the Dublin side of the river, but the greater portion is in the county Wicklow. On every side are gentlemen’s seats, improved in the most expensive manner, and with admirable taste. Near the bridge, on the Dublin side, is Ravenswell, formerly the seat of the Rowleys, but now let to yearly tenants; and, at the upper end of the town, on the Kilruddery road, are several exceedingly neat cottages, which lot for the season at rents of nearly 100 l. each. Behind the town, as you approach from Dublin, rises Bray head, a lofty and commanding promontory, its outline bold and irregular, its colour always dark and gloomy, and its sides precipitous and rugged; this, we mentioned, was seen by the traveller under very peculiar and pleasing circumstances, for the first time, from the Killiney Hills. The river of Bray, which is the same that flows through the Dargle, is spread over a wide waste of moory strand, for a distance of a mile from the town: the body of water is not considerable, while the fall is sufficiently great; so that, by a little embanking, and the erection of one or two weirs between the Dargle and the mouth of the river, this valley and the trout fishery would be much improved, a great quantity of land, now barren, recovered, and the number of water-falls would form a series of pretty objects in the drive towards the Dargle.

  Bray is a rectory in the diocese of Dublin: the church, which stands on the river’s side, is tolerably large and comfortable, and ornamented with a steeple and spire. Divine service is attended in summer by great numbers of persons of rank and respectability, the neighbourhood being still a fashionable bathing place. There is a regular post here, and two Fairs are held in each year, on the 1st of May and the 20th of September, where great quantities of frize and flannel are exhibited for sale, and some black cattle and sheep. In the town of Bray is Quin’s famous hotel ; his house is large, and kept with neatness, regularity, and elegance; his charges moderate, and the accommodation and attendance cannot he excelled. Quin’s chaises are superior in decoration and style of equipment to any thing in England; and, besides these, he is supplied with a number of handsome barouchos, for the accommodation of parties visiting the beautiful scenery in this neighbourhood, and in every part of Wicklow. Quin was the first person who introduced an elegant and improved style of posting into this kingdom, and has carried it to such a degree of perfection that he is never likely to be rivalled. Had there been many such improving and spirited persons placed on the head of respectable establishments through the kingdom, intercourse and civilization would have advanced more rapidly, and Ireland had been spared the censure and the laugh raised against her, by one of her most distinguished novelists, in the story of the Knockacrockery Post-boy.

  In front of the inn are the arms of the Earl of Meath, to whom most of the town of Bray belongs. There is an old castle at Bray, near which a desperate battle was fought in 1690, between the armies of William and James. Here are, also, a handsome Roman Catholic Chapel and a barrack for infantry. The road in front of Quin’s hotel leads to the seashore; the strand is shelving and pebbly, and bathing is practicable at all hours. No attempt has ever been made to improve the harbour, so that only small craft come near this town; there is neither quay, wharf, nor pier. It was once suggested to construct a rail-way from the mountains, through the vale which the Bray river waters to the river’s mouth, and there erect a pier, where the mountain granite could be exported, for the purposes of building in other places; but this suggestion appears to have been rejected without any examination. 

  Following the coast to Bray Head, a work of pleasing difficulty is presented, the ascent to its summit, an elevation of 807 feet above low water; this can be accomplished by a little perseverance, but it is quite impossible to climb round the precipitous cliffs which hang over the see. In this dark and inaccessible brow, the curlew, cormorants, and gulls build their nests, and on the approach of a storm, or being disturbed by any unusual noise, they endeavour to rival the solemn rolling of‘ the waves by their loud and melancholy screams, while they darken the chasm, in whose front they have built their nests, by flying from rock to rock in wild and unmeaning confusion.

   Bray Head* is composed chiefly of quartz rock, divided into two great masses, the division between them being marked by a hollow in the middle of the hill; but the coast around the head-land consists of numerous successions of stratified rocks, which ascend part of the northern and eastern brows of the head. Upon the strand, on each side of this promontory, are found pebbles, white and almost pellucid, which strike fire but weakly, being imperfect crystals. Various coloured pebbles are also found all along the Wicklow coast, bearing a resemblance, according to Rutty, to Egyptian; these strike fire with steel, and cause no ebullition with acids ; they admit of cutting, and receive a high polish. 

* Perhaps it was so named from some fancied resemblance it bears to a neck, which is called Braighe, in Irish, or Bri, a hill – Harris.

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Description of the Scalp – 1822

From ‘Guide to the County of Wicklow’ by Rev. G.N. Wright
Published by Baldwin, Cradock and Joy, Paternoster Row (London) 1822







Two miles from Enniskerry, on the Dublin road, and in the county of Dublin, which commences at the bridge of that village, is the extraordinary chasm in the range of
Dublin mountains, called the Scalp. Here the opposite hills appear to have been rent asunder by some tremendous convulsive shock, and being composed of granite
strata, the internal structure, when exposed to view, presents the secret recesses of mature in an awful and appalling point of view. Enormous masses of granite, many
tons in weight, are tossed about in the most irregular manner, and so imperfect and unfinished was the effort of nature in creating this gulf, that the opposite sides of the
pass are distant only the breadth of a narrow road from each other; in some places immeasurable masses actually, interrupt the continued regularity of the limit of the road,
As road-makers in latter days appear so adverse to any thing like a consideration of the picturesque, so in this instance they have destroyed the effect produced in passing
through. this frightful chasm, by what they call an improvement; formerly the road passed in the exact point in which the opposite sides, if continued downward, might be supposed to meet, and so on each side rose those confused and chaotic masses of rock, apparently possessing so slight a dependence upon each other that you are uncertain of what moment their obruitive motion may commence again; but the short road lately made through part of-the defile runs along the side of one of the hills, amongst the rude masses themselves, so that the height of both sides is apparently much diminished, and the conquest here effected of art over nature lessens our idea of her wonderful works.

To the east of the Scalp, a lead mine has been opened some years since, by a company of persons in Dublin, and worked for some time with varying success. Here mica is found in great abundance with a sort of greyish white splintery quartz with mica flakes interwoven – an approximation to quartz rock of which Shankill peak, In the neighbouring district, is totally composed.

The Scalp - c1900

The Scalp – c1900

Beyond the mines of Shankill, or Ballycorus, on the declivity of the hill is an ancient castle, the external wall of which is still perfect, and used as a shepherd’s dwelling. In this edifice, called Puck’s Castle, the unhappy monarch James, slept the night after his defeat at Old Bridge, while his army bivouacked in front. Tradition states, that James being apprehensive of an ambush, in the woods of Windgate , took a boat at Killiney-bay, and coasted to the town of Wicklow, where he slept in a house now inhabited by Dr. Smith.*

The Dublin road is now one continued descent of eight miles, passing through a few villages of little consequence, Kilternan, Golden-ball, Steepaside +, Kilgobbin, where
there is an old castle, Sandyford, and Dundrum, three miles from Dublin, a place remarkable for the purity and wholesomeness of its atmosphere, and where invalids come
from town in crowds every morning, in the summer season, to drink goats whey **; Windy Harbour #, Milltown, upon the river Dodder, Cullenswood, and Ranelagh, which last place is in the suburbs of Dublin.

* This anecdote relative to King James rests an the authority of an
unpublished MS. in the possesion of a private individual. From
Wicklow, he must have proceeded tn Shelton abbey, in the vale of
Arklow, which was the last place he slept at in the county of Wicklow.

+sw Stepaside
**sw now Goatstown
#sw or Windy Arbour

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Civil BMD Index (Irishgenealogy/GRO)
Civil BMD Index (FamilySearch)
Church Records – Dublin, Kerry, Carlow, Cork (IrishGenealogy)
RC Parish Register Images (NLI)
Extracted Civil Births, Marriages & Deaths (FamilySearch)
Anglican Record Project (RCBL)
List of CofI Parish Records (RCBL)
FreeBMD (Eng/Wales)
FamilySearch (Various Transcripts and images)

1901/1911 Census of Ireland
National Archives (Tithes, Probate Calendar &c)
Griffith’s Valuation (AskAboutIreland)
Logainm Placename Database
OSI Historic Map Viewer
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Townland Explorer
Maps of Ireland and Dublin City
RC Chapel & Parish Mapping
Civil Registration Distinct mapping
Civil Parish Maps (John Grenham)

Pay Websites
RC Baptisms (FMP)
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Civil Marriage Index (FMP)
Civil Marriage Index – Eng/Wales (FMP)
GRO England/Wales
Scotland’s People
1939 Register (FMP)

FindMyPast & Ancestry  (Eng/Wales Census etc.)

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