New King’s County Map c1840

New addition to website large King’s County (County Offaly) Map 96cm x 65 cm (~38 inches x 25 inches) with fabric backing.

Civil parish boundaries shown in red.

See Ireland Maps section – King’s County Index Map c1840


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Irishtown County Dublin – 1880

Village of Irishtown South East Co. Dublin map and street listing from Thom’s 1880 Directory

Click for larger versions of the images

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How do they do it ? – Scanning Maps

Process used to scan a Historic Map and make available in a browsable format online.

The map used in this example is a large ~ 78 x 82cm (30.5″ x 32″) map of Dublin City and Environs from Thom’s Directory of 1906.

Scanner – A3 2400S A3 Scanner / Twain V 3.05 Driver

Software : IrfanView 4.44 , Paintshop Pro 5.00 , Affinity Photo 1.92

Zoomify Image Converter 2.3.2 & Javascript Viewer

The process for scanning the original map and joining the resulting images has recently become a little simpler to carry out a) due to the advances in image processing software, and b) due to my ‘new’ A3 scanner, which means that I now end up with about half the number of images to join together.

When I started scanning maps (c 2009 ?) with an A4 scanner the image scans were all manually straightened and joined –  a very time consuming process…

An A3 scanner covers twice the area so resulting in larger images and about half the number of scans so a smaller number of joins. Technology for joining images to make panorama now feature in many platforms, even iPhones, and modern photo processing software often contains sophisticated stacking and panorama functions, and also allow other adjustments and repairs to images.

This map is in good condition, only one small tear, and due to it’s storage location inside the cover shows no obvious sign of light damage, however the print quality is a little variable –  there are signs that the plate may have been as worn or clogged during this print.

Test scans showed that scanning at 300dpi colour was sufficient for the print resolution and quality of this map, and a series of scans down the left (Red 1 to 4) and right edges (Green 5 to 8) would cover most of the map with the cover down (to ensure focus and reduce fold marks) without undue folding etc, two addition scans of the centre portion (Blue 9 & 10) could then fill in any gaps.

Map areas for scanning

Basic adjustments were carried out on the images, e.g. ensuring key frames were lined up correctly to horizontal & vertical using map grid lines.

Scanned Map Images

Affinity photo was then used to merge each section – i.e. ‘left’ images 1 to 4, ‘right’ images 5 to 8, and centre images 9 and 10.

Three panoramas – left, centre and right

After basic cropping the three panoramas were then joined in one  master panorama after which some repairs and adjustments were carried out.

Next step is the Zoomify converter which takes the processed file and splits into a series of image tiles suitable for display by the custom JavaScript code.

Zoomify Converter creating the image tiles

Sample Image Tiles

All that remained was creating the associated HTMP/PHP file with a link to the tiles folder and adding the various menu links to show the new page and then zipping and uploading the new and updated files to the webserver.

Header of new Html/Php code

Complete…. Dublin City & environs – Thom’s 1906 Map

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Introduction ‘Guide to the County of Wicklow’ Rev. G.N. Wright 1822

by the Rev G.N. Wright, illustrated after the designs of George Petrie esq.,
printed for Baldwin, Cradock & Joy, Pasternoster Row, London 1822

see page images and index to contents below – and also the map from this guide

The county of Wicklow, one of the smallest in Ireland, lies directly south of Dublin, and contains an area of 660 square miles, being thirty-three miles in length by twenty in breadth. It is bounded an by the Irish Sea; on the west by parts of Carlow, Kildare and Dublin  counties and on the south by Wexford. There are three baronies and four half-baronies in this county, viz. Arklow, Newcastle, Ballynacor, baronies ;- the half-baronies
are two of Talbot’s-town, one of Rathdown, and one of Shillelagh. The partition of Wicklow into baronies was probably subsequent to that of the other counties in Ireland; for although the boundary of the county was virtually assigned by the prescription of
limits to the surrounding shires, which occurred in the reign of King John yet we find that the dignity of a county was withheld from this division of Leinster until 1605.

The ancient inhabitants of this part of Ireland, according to Ptolemy, were the Cauci; but the uncertainty of the division in the old maps is such, that the Cauci and Menapii may both have inhabited the country afterwards called Wickenloe. At a very early period, viz. in the fifth century, religious characters and establishments appear to have existed in various parts of this county. Of these Pallaidius and St. Coemgen or Kevin, were the most distinguished for their piety and learning.

The aboriginal chieftains of Wicklow, the O’Tooles, O’Byrnes, O’Kavanaghs and Walshes, are now either extinct or in total obscurity, and their once great domains have passed into other hands.

There are, according to the county survey fifty-eight parishes and twenty churches in the whole county; but this number of parishes is too small, for almost every one calculated in the fifty-eight is a union of several, for instance, Arklow is an union of eight. The patronage
of these benefices is divided between two sees, Dublin and Ferns, but the Archbishop of Dublin has the greater proportion.

The face of the country is extremely varied, in one part rich, level, and fertile, in another, mountainous and barren. The vein extending from Bray to Arklow, bounded on the east by the sea, and on the west and north by the mountains, is rich and beautiful. Here the
climate is milder, owing to the shelter of the northern hills, and the soil more fertile than in the western part of the county, and the crops and harvest much more early.

The central division, in a direction north and south, although apparently barren waste and desolate, is not unproductive, for here the ancients raised iron in abundance, and probably gold, while the modems have procured copper and lead in great profusion. The more
westerly division posses both mountain and lowland but being much interrupted by the irregular protrusions of, the adjacent counties, and not being either so picturesque
or romantic as the other divisions, it has been less accurately described. One barony, particularly, Shilelagh, is so remote and inconvenient of approach, that it is seldom seen except by its own residents. Mr. Frazer has applied a very appropriate image to the illustration of the face of this country, mountainous and rugged in the centre, but skirted by rich and fertile land ;–“it resembles” says the author of the survey, “a frize cloak with a lace border;” this appears a more happy application when it is remembered the manufacture of frize is carried on amidst these very wilds.

The visitor to this county will in vain look for either of costume or distinct accent: the intercourse with the metropolis has destroyed the former, and there in no county in Ireland so completely free from the least tincture of peculiarity in dialect ; perhaps the total extermination of the Irish language may have contributed not a little to this circumstance, for in most other counties the peasantry converse in their native language only.

These few general observations being laid before the reader, it is now necessary to explain the arrangement of the following pages, and point out how they may be used with the best advantage. The  county is supposed to be subdivided longitudinally into three sections ; the first, on the sea coast, extends from Bray to Arklow; the second, from Enniskerry to Carnew; the third, from Saggard to Baltinglass. The tourist is conducted, in a serpentine direction, from Dublin to Arklow, in the south, back to Enniskerry, in the north, and then to the south again to Baltinglass by which means he sees the entire of this county, and part of the neighbouring ones. This division also corresponds with the trisection of the county by the three great lines of road, which pass through the centres of each subdivision, the Rathdrum, the Military, and Enniskerry roads. The tourist. is advised to proceed to Bray,
and while there , several interesting subjects are pointed out ; the directions are not only arranged for the tourist who every object of curiosity or interest in the county, but also for those who do not wish to proceed farther than one day’s journey; for this reason, Powerscourt, the Dargle, the Waterfall and Killruddery are all described as distinct and independent subjects, which may be visited from the village of Bray, in the course of a few hours, or else may be taken on the route of the tourist as all other places.

Kilruddery House

To return, then, to our fellow-travellers who are resolved upon accompanying us, “per varios casus” :–setting out from Bray, we pursue the new road through the Glen of the Downs, and passing through Newtown Mount Kennedy, visit every attractive scene or object from thence to Arklow. The different inns are mentioned and the precise distances stated. Turning to the south we penetrate the uninhabited wilds and romantic dells in the
mountainous tract which occupies the centre of the county, in which the mineralogy, now an important and interesting subject has been carefully attended to. And even in this wilderness, the traveller will find such directions as will enable him to be perfectly secure of comfortable inns to rest at. We now pursue the military road, and having reached the Scalp Dublin, prepare to re-conduct our reader through Tallagh, Saggard and Blessington, into a country of a different character; and which probably will not afford him as much gratification. Should he refuse to take advantage of our directions in pursuing the road to
Baltinglass, let him not at all events reject our suggestion of visiting Russborough, the seat of the Earl of Miltown, and the Waterfall of Pol-a-Phuca, both which can be readily accomplished in the space of one day.

This much appeared necessary to say, explanatory of the arrangement of the following pages ; for, the subject being new, and never before treated of, the reader cannot have any preconceived idea of its arrangement, either from the extent of his information, or intercourse with books.

Page 1

Page 2

Page 3

Page 4

Page 5

Page 6

Page 7

Guide to County Wicklow – 1822 Index to contents


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Description of Roebuck from F.E. Ball’s ‘History of Dublin’

Description and history of the townland of Roebuck from the entry for the Parish of Taney in “A History of the County of Dublin” Part 2 by Francis Elrington Ball, published 1903.

(part of a test of new scanning system)

The lands of Roebuck, or Rabo, as they were anciently called, which lie between Donnybrook and Dundrum, were the site of a castle, which stood from very early times on the ground now occupied by the modern Roebuck Castle, the handsome seat of Mr.
Francis Vandeleur Westby, D.L.

Roebuck Castle in 1795

Soon after the Anglo-Norman Conquest the lands, which were originally of greater extent than at present, became a manor with a chief residence, and at the beginning of the fourteenth century permission was given to the owner to keep game in his demesne on
them. They were then estimated to contain three carucates, valued at £9, being at the rate of 6d. an acre, and the owner had sixty acres under corn and twelve plough teams. Clonskeagh, or the meadow of the white thorn bushes, now a village on the Dodder
known for its iron works, is mentioned in 1316 as belonging to the owners of Roebuck, and then contained a mill. By Henry II. the lands of Roebuck were granted, together with the somewhat distant manor of Cruagh, to Thomas de St. Michael, and after passing
through the hands of David Basset, a member of a great Norman family, came in 1261 into the possession of Fromund le Brun, then Chancellor of Ireland, from whom they descended to Sir Nigel le Brun, who was given in 1301 the light of free warren. Under these owners the lands were held by a family which took its cognomen from the place, and a member of which, Otho de Rabo, acted as bailiff in legal proceedings for Sir Nigel le Brun.

The succession of owners for the next two centuries is almost complete. In 1315 Fromund, son of Sir Nigel le Brun, was in possession; in 1377 Sir Thomas, son of Sir Fromund le Brun; in 1382 Francis, son of Sir Thomas le Brun; and in 1420 Sir John, son of Francis le Brun. Sir John lo Brun had two sons, Christopher and Richard; Christopher died before his father, leaving two children, a son, Christopher, who died shortly after his grandfather, and a daughter, Elizabeth. For a time the lands appear to have been in possession of Sir John’s second son, Richard le Brun, but ultimately they became vested in his  granddaughter, Elizabeth, and by her marriage to Robert Barnewall, first Baron of
Trimlestown, passed into possession of the latter family, which continued to own Roebuck until the beginning of the nineteenth century 1.

It has been stated that the Castle of Roebuck, partly incorporated in the modern house, was the residence of John, third Baron of Trimlestown, who was Chancellor of Ireland in the reign of Henry VIII., but it seems probable that it owed its construction to Robert, fifth Baron of Trimlestown – “a rare nobleman, endowed now with sundry good gifts” – whose initials, with those of his wife, Anne Fyan, it bore. During the rebellion of 1641 the castle, then in possession of Matthew, eighth Baron Trimlestown, who served as an officer in the Confederate Army, was destroyed, and in the time of the Commonwealth the lands and manor of Roebuck, together with Clonskeagh and a mill, were held by one Edward Barry, whom Colonel Arthur Hill sought to dispossess. The principal occupant of the lands at that time was Mr. William Nally – said to have been an ancestor of the notorious Leonard MacNally, the lawyer – whose death in 1669 is recorded on one of the oldest tombstones in Donnybrook Churchyard. In 1652 Nally was ordered to attend a perambulation of lands in the neighbourhood of Dublin taken under the protection of the Commonwealth, and in 1664 he was occupying a house rated as containing two hearths, which was probably portion of the castle. Besides the lands of Roebuck, Nally held, under the Fitzwilliams, the adjoining lands of Owenstown, now forming part of Mount Merrion. The population, of Roebuck and Owenstown is returned about that time as seven persons of English and forty-two persons of Irish extraction 2.

The castle was in a ruinous condition in the eighteenth century, which renders it improbable that James II. lodged there, as has been stated, after his arrival in 1689 in Ireland. Austin Cooper, on visiting it in 1781, found only a small portion roofed,
which was used as a storehouse by a farmer who resided in a small house close by. In Cooper’s opinion the castle was originally a large one, forming two sides of a square, and upon it, he mentions, were engraved in stone the arms of the Barnewalls, as well as the
letters R. B. A. F. and the name Robert. At the beginning of that century a bleach yard existed on the lands of Roebuck as well as mills at Clonskeagh, and advertisements appeared from time to time of the castle farm as affording excellent accommodation for a
dairyman, proposals for which were to be made to Lord Trimlestown at his seat near Trim or at his Dublin house in Mary Street. The Dublin Volunteers in 1784 selected Roebuck as one of their camping grounds, and in 1789, when there was a great uproar about an attempt to close the footpath from Milltown to Clonskeagh, the vicinity of Roebuck Castle was chosen as a retired place to fight a duel, which was happily amicably adjusted, not, however, before shots had been exchanged 3.

Of the country seats which adorn the neighbourhood, the first in date was Merville, in Foster’s Avenue, now the residence of Mr. J. Hume Dudgeon. This fine old house, which forms three sides of a square, and has out-offices of a most extensive kind, was built about the middle of the eighteenth century by the Right Hon. Anthony Foster, Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer, and father of the last Speaker of the Irish House of Commons, whose connection with the place is commemorated in the name of the magnificent avenue in which it stands. Chief Baron Foster, whoso ability and social gifts in early life attracted the attention of that acute observer, Mrs. Delany, was one of the first persons of position in
Ireland to interest himself in a practical manner in the improvement of agriculture and in the development of her industries. He has been styled by Arthur Young, who visited him on his estate at Collon in the County Louth, where his operations exceeded anything
Young could have imagined, as a prince of improvers, but few would dare to put in practice his theory that raising rents tended to improve the condition of the tenantry by quickening
their industry, setting them to search for manures, and making them better farmers. While a practicing barrister, when he occupied a seat in Parliament, first as member for the borough of Dunleer and afterwards for the County Louth, Foster rendered services to the linen manufacture by amending the laws affecting it. For this he was rewarded by the presentation of an address in a gold box and a magnificent piece of plate. He manifested throughout his life the utmost interest in the trade of Ulster.

After his death in 1778 his son, the Speaker, occupied Merville for some years, but ultimately sold it to Sir Thomas Lighton, on whom a baronetcy, still held by his descendant, was conferred. Sir Thomas Lighton, who is buried in Taney graveyard, had in early life a career of extraordinary adventure in India, which resulted in his making a large fortune, and after returning to his native land, he settled down in Dublin as a banker, and obtained a seat in Parliament, first as a member for Tuam and afterwards for Carlingford.
Ho was succeeded soon after his death in 1805, at Merville, then said to have one of the best gardens in Ireland, by the Right Hon. William Baron Downes, Chief Justice of the King’s Bench, a lawyer of the first distinction, and a great friend of Judge Chamberlaine,
already mentioned as a resident at Dundrum, with whom he was buried by his own desire in St. Ann’s Church, Dublin. Subsequently Merville passed into the possession of Lieutenant-General Henry Hall, C.B., a distinguished Indian military officer and administrator 4.

Other villas began to be built towards the close of the eighteenth century, and amongst their first occupants were Alderman John Exshaw, publisher of the magazine called by his name, whose mayoralty was attended with much splendour, and who covered himself with military glory during the Rebellion; James Potts, the proprietor of Sounder’s News Letter, who resided at Richview, and had an encounter with Mr. John Giffard, the owner of a rival
organ, outside the door of Taney Church; Mr. Alexander Jaffray, one of the first directors of the Bank of Ireland ; Dr. Robert Emmet, father of Thomas Addis Emmet and Robert- Emmet, who resided at Casino; and Mr. Henry Jackson, who started the iron works at Clonskeagh, and had to flee from Ireland on account of his complicity in the Rebellion. Before the close of that century the Castle of Roebuck was rebuilt by Thomas, thirteenth Baron of Trimlestown, and was subsequently occupied successively by Mr. James Crofton, an official of the Irish Treasury, and his son, Mr. Arthur Burgh Crofton, who were both Commissioners for the construction of Kingstown Harbour. After the death of the latter the castle was taken by Mr. Edward Perceval Westby, D.L., father of the present owner, on his marriage to a daughter of the Right Hon. Francis Blackburne, sometime Lord Chancellor of Ireland, who maintained by a lengthened residence at Roebuck Hall the connection of Roebuck, begun in the thirteenth century, with the holders of the Great Seal 5.

1 – “The Norman Settlement in Leinster” by James Mills in Journal R.S.A.I., vil xxov, p167; Pleas Justicary and Memorial Rolls; Sweetman’s Calendar; Burkes Peerage under Trimlestown.

2 – D’Alton’s “History of the county of Dublin” p.809; Burke’s Peerage under Trimlestown; Fleetwood’s Survey; Crown Rental; “Loftus’s Court Martial Book” preserved in March’s Library; Blacker’s Sketches, pp.90, 197, 434; Hearth Money Roll; Census on 1659

3 – D’Alton’s “History of the county of Dublin” p.810; Cooper’s Note Book; Lease in Registry of Deeds Office; Pue’s Occurrences, vol xxxiv, No. 31; col. xxxix, No. 56; Dublin Journal, Nos. 1846, 1851, 6845; Dubllin Chronicle, 1789-1890, pp. 120, 295

4 – Religious Returns of 1766; “Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delaney” vol. ii, p. 353; vol iii, p. 160; Young’s “Tour of Ireland” edited by A.W. Hutton, vol. i, p. 110; Exshaw’s Magazine for 1764, p. 395, and 1865, p. 126,; Leases in Registry of Deeds Office; Ball and Hamilton’s “Parish of Taney” pp. 27,125,168,173,223; Loudon’s “Encyclopedia of Gardening” Lon. 1830, pp. 88, 1095; Blacker’s Sketches, pp. 91, 122, 319.

5 – Ball and Hamilton’s “Parish of Taney” pp. 104, 110, 120, 138, 144, 151, 155, 175; The Dublin Chronicle (for Exshaw), 1789-1790, pp. 56, 87, 528, 536, 615, 896; 1790-1791, pp. 128, 528

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